(January 2021)


A Multilevel Approach of Exploring the Predictors of High School Readiness
Bidya Raj Subedi, Ph.D
Abstract       pdf Full text PDF
Employing a two-level Hierarchical Generalized Linear Model (HGLM) technique, this paper predicted high school readiness derived from student’s proficiency in reading and mathematics during middle school. The HGLM approach to predict high school readiness (i.e., student’s status being high school ready) incorporated student and school level predictors in level-1 and level-2 models, respectively. This analysis included 7,115 students from 64 schools in one of the largest school districts in United States of America. The results found several academic, demographic, and behavioral predictors at student and school levels producing significant effects on high school readiness. The across-school variance for predicting the probability of high school readiness is also found significant.

Author Keywords:- High school readiness, Hierarchical Generalized Linear Model, Student and school level predictors, Fixed and random effects, Across-school variance.



Influence of Motivation, Work Facilities and Leadership Style on Employee Performance in Nagari Aurduri Surantih Government of South Coastal Regency
Yulina Eliza, Jetrizanko, Ilham Ismail, Reni Safitri
Abstract       pdf Full text PDF

This research is motivated by efforts to improve the performance of employees in Nagari Aur Duri Surantih District Sutera through an increase in the provision of motivation, work facilities and leadership styles which are factors that affect performance. By motivating better, adequate work facilities and art / qualified leadership style, it is hoped that it can improve the performance of employees in the Aur Duri Surantih Nagari Government, Sutera District. This study aims to determine the effect of motivation, work facilities and leadership style on employee performance in the Nagari Aur Duri Surantih Administration, Sutera District, simultaneously or partially. This research is a descriptive and verification research, descriptively aims to describe something that was taking place at the time of the research and to examine the causes of a particular symptom. Meanwhile, verification research tests the truth of a hypothesis through field data collection. So that we get an overall picture of motivation, work facilities and leadership styles on employee performance in the Nagari Aur Duri Surantih Government, Sutera District. The variables in this study consisted of three independent variables, namely work motivation, work facilities and leadership style and one dependent variable, namely performance. Data was collected through a questionnaire method to 32 respondents who are employees of the Aur Duri Surantih Nagari Government, Sutera District. This study uses sampling techniques as a total population or saturated sample. The research results were processed using multiple linear regression analysis assisted by the SPSS program version 23.0 in 2020. The results showed that work motivation, work facilities and leadership style simultaneously had a significant effect on the performance of the Nagari Government employees, Aur Duri Surantih. The result of t-test for work motivation variable is 2.453 with a significance probability of 0.21 or less than 0.05. With df = 31-3 = 28, it is obtained a t-table of 2.03951, then the t-count 2.03951. The t-test result for the work facility variable is 5.387 with a significance probability of 0.000 or less than 0.05. With df =, 31-3 = 28, it is obtained t-table of 2.03951, then t-count> t-table or 5.387> 2.0395. The t-test result for the leadership style variable is 3.248 with a significance probability of 0.003 or less than 0.05. With df =, 31-3 = 28, it is obtained t-table of 2.03951, then t-count> t-table or 3.248> 2.03951.


Author Keywords:- Motivation, Work Facilities, Leadership Style, Performance


Forget Me Not: Cultural Assimilation of Filipino Immigrants in Canada
Irene C. Gumiran, Noami D. Solano, Aireen T. Abiera
Abstract       pdf Full text PDF

Cultural assimilation is the social process wherein an individual or a minority group possessing a different cultural heritage absorbed the dominant culture of the society. The purpose of this study is to know the cultural assimilation of Filipino immigrants in Canada. Specifically to answer the following questions: 1) What is the profile of the respondents in terms of the following variables; Name (optional), Age, Gender, Number of children, Years of living in Canada, Occupation; and Form of accommodation. 2 )What challenges were encountered in immigrating to Canada? 3) What Filipino values were modified after immigrating to Canada? 4) Which Filipino value system would the respondents prefer their children to acquire and keep? The descriptive design was used in this study where the hypotheses will be tested to explain the the variables. The number of respondents is 68 and the purposive sampling is a form of non-probability sampling in which researchers rely on their own judgement when choosing members of the population to participate in their study. The study found out that most of the immigrants were under the age of 41 to 45 years old, male immigrant outnumbered female immigrants, while with 3 to 4 children immigrants were superlative, with respect to number of years living in Canada there were 47 out of 68 immigrants lives for 11 to 15 years, on the other hand machine operator is the most occupation by the immigrants The utmost form of accommodation of these immigrant were owned but under mortgaged which is 38.23 percent and renting with 35.29 percent. As to the level of challenges reveals that the immigrants were neutral in terms of social, cultural and economic aspect with an overall mean of 2.97, 2.68,and 2.99 respectively. While the level of Filipino values modified immigrating in Canada vouch that hospitality is the most modified Filipino values. On the other hand, hospitality is the most Filipino values system preferred to acquire and keep followed by family orientation were the least preferred is utang na loob.


Author Keywords:----------------


Commitment of Work as Intervening that Affects Performance in the Officers of the Implementing Unit of the Regional Disaster Management Agency Padang Pariaman
Yulina Eliza, Alkadri, Marja Nurliana, Desi Arsiyanti
Abstract       pdf Full text PDF

This study aims to determine the effect of work competence, compensation on performance with work commitment as an intervening variable of the officers of the Regional Disaster Management Agency of Padang Pariaman Regency as many as 49 people. Data were collected through distributing questionnaires to the entire population which can be used for analysis purposes. Hypothesis Testing Using Path Analysis.. The results of the data analysis show that work competence has a significant effect on performance, compensation has a significant effect on performance, work competence has a significant effect on work commitment, compensation has a significant effect on work commitment, work commitment has a significant effect on performance, work commitment as an intervening variable has a significant effect on work commitment. Work and Performance, Work Commitment as an Intervening Variable Influence Compensation and Performance of the Implementing Unit of the Regional Disaster Management Agency of Padang Pariaman Regency.


Author Keywords:-Job Competence; Compensation; Performance; Work Commitment.


Conflict Management Styles of Administrators: A Case Study
Irene C. Gumiran
Abstract       pdf Full text PDF

The purpose of this study is to identify the conflict management styles of administrators. Specifically to answer the following questions: 1) What is the profile of the respondents as regards to the following variables; age, sex, status, years of service and educational attainment. 2)What are the conflict management styles of the respondents in terms of; accomdating, avoiding, collaborating, competing and compromosing. 3) What pedagogical implications may be proposed as the results of the study? The descriptive design was used in this study to obtain the respondents responses regarding conflict management styles. The study found out that the conflict management style practiced by the respondents is accommodating. For the administrators, they often found themselves in accommodating situation; they select a member from their group to represent them in negotiating with another group. They always find themselves as persons with the greater authority in a conflict situation. Based on the conclusions, the recommendations were drawn; the broadening of decision-making skills may help administrators and that an ethical conflict management model must be designed by administrators in order to minimize conflicts in the workplace.


Author Keywords:-Conflict Management Style; Management Style; Resolving Conflicts; Teachers; Administrators.


Employee Happiness and its Relationship with Job satisfaction: An Empirical Study of Academic staff in a Selected Sri Lankan University
N.Thevanes, M.Jathurika
Abstract       pdf Full text PDF

An empirical knowledge gap has been observed regarding the relationship between employee happiness and job satisfaction in higher education sector of Sri Lanka. Hence, in order to fill this empirical knowledge gap, this study was carried out with the objectives of find out the levels of employee happiness and job satisfaction among the academic staff and explores the relationship between employee happiness and job satisfaction of academic staff in selected state university in Sri Lanka. The data of this study have been collected from 57 academic staff in selected state university in Sri Lanka through the structured questionnaire. The data were analyzed with univariate and bivariate analyses. The findings of the study revealed that happiness and job satisfaction are in high level among the academic staff in surveyed university. And also, findings of the study stated that there is a significant and positive relationship between employee happiness and job satisfaction. This study suggested that degree of employee happiness can improve the job satisfaction.


Author Keywords:-employees, job satisfaction, happiness, academic, university


Factors Affecting the Success of Implementation of Enterprise Resource Planning (Case Study: Pt. Kimberly-Clark)
Muhammad Harits Utama, Renny Nur’ainy
Abstract       pdf Full text PDF

Companies from various types of industries continue to try to develop and innovate themselves. The demand for change can come from the pressure of competition, market demand, or the company's internal desires that driven by a vision and mission that refers to the future. Increasing competition between companies and management's desire to improve company performance, requires companies to be able to improve the quality of the system used. This study aims to determine of company top management factors, project management factors, realistic scope setting factors, management change factors, educational factors in ERP projects on the success of ERP implementation. The independent variables are the company's top leadership factors, project management factors, realistic scope setting factors, management change factors, educational factors in ERP projects while the successful implementation of ERP as the dependent variable. The analysis technique is descriptive statistical analysis where previously data were collected using a questionnaire spread technique. The results showed that partially the top leadership of the company, and the determination of scope that realistically affected the success of ERP implementation. While project management factors, management change factors, and educational factors in ERP projects have no effect. Simultaneously all the independent variables affect the dependent variable.


Author Keywords:-Enterprise Resource Planning, Implementation, Success Factors.


Concept of Managing a Competitive Advantage in the Product Customization Dimension of an Influencer Participation and Customer Experience Management in the Digital Era
Parkorn Chobhan
Abstract       pdf Full text PDF

The objective of this article is to synthesize the conceptual framework of managing a competitive advantage in the product customization dimension of an influencer. Participation and customer experience management using the synthesis of theories and related research It was developed into a conceptual framework comprised of various factors, namely customer participation. Experience management cooperation management with customers. Leading to a competitive advantage in product customization dimensions. In addition, this article has shown that competitive advantage management can be developed from three key factors: customer engagement. Experience management cooperation management with customers


Author Keywords:-conceptual framework, competitive advantage management, product customization.


Public Health Infrastructure Management Responding to COVID-19
Dr. Syeda Sayeeda, Dr. Qazi Azizul Mowla
Abstract       pdf Full text PDF

The built-environment of public places in an urban area has significant impact on health behaviour and disease transmission. Adapting to the global pandemic is not just about maintaining individual safety but also about re-creating spaces which can respond to the public requirements of safety and convenience. Every step towards recovery helps to build a world beyond the COVID-19, and the success of these cities depends on anticipating global trends and transformations - and the result will be a new kind of city capable of withstanding shocks such as the COVID-19 pandemic in a more sustainable manner as well as adapting to the digital way of life. The present study is the review on the impact of Corona pandemic on public place design. The paper attempts to examine, what type of spatial / structural measures can be taken to make built-environment safe. Three context in Dhaka were selected for review. The chosen sites are typical of highly density spatial fabric and have the opportunity to be redesigned or to be retrofitted with urban health infrastructural component in place to control pandemic. This may be seen as the opportunity to reimage the public places in terms of health safety. Spatial interventions are needed to provide physical environments that can allow the physical distancing. This study shows that the pandemic may be considered an opportunity to rethink of the planning, design and management of city’s resilience to future crises.


Author Keywords:-Pandemics, Health Infrastructure, Social Distancing, Built-Environment, Urban Space Management.


Covid-19 Containment Measures: A Case of Persuasion and Power
Nelson Ndiritu, Joseph Maina
Abstract       pdf Full text PDF

From the end of 2019 the world has been facing a devastating pandemic as the respiratory virus Coronavirus Disease (Covid-19) has hit world populations. It has caused millions of infections and hundreds of thousands of deaths within one year. Due to its scary nature people have been forced to limit their activities and movement hence dealing a huge blow to businesses and jobs in many parts of the world. In responding to the crisis, governments around the world have had to restrict movement, close interactions and gatherings among other measures which have severely affected the lives of their citizenry. These unpleasant measures have often been spelt out by the top leadership of the countries as addresses to the nation. This paper examines the strategies that the leadership employed to deliver the hard measures to their citizenry in a manner that ensured understanding and acceptance. In particular, it investigates the use of rhetorical strategies as well as other rhetorical devices in an attempt to persuade the citizenry to strictly adhere to executive measures to curb the spread of Covid-19 pandemic. The study adopted a phenomenological qualitative design underpinned by the Language Expectancy Theory. Data were drawn from the speeches of the heads of state on Covid-19 pandemic obtained through purposive sampling. The data were analysed descriptively and the various strategies identified and discussed. The study’s findings indicate that oratory has been employed as well as directives to get the citizens adhere to Covid-19 protocols.


Author Keywords:-Language Expectancy Theory, persuasion, persuasive strategies, rhetorical devices.


Analysis of Melon Marketing among Women in Kabba/Bunu Local Government Area of Kogi State, Nigeria
Adejo, P.E., Ajibade, Y.E., Owoleke, J.O
Abstract       pdf Full text PDF

This study analyzed the profitability of melon marketing among women in Kabba/Bunu Local Government Area of Kogi State. The study specifically described the socio-economic characteristics of melon marketers, identified the forms of melon marketed, determined the profitability of melon marketing and identified the constraints faced by melon marketers in the study area. A total of 120 respondents were randomly selected from four markets. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Gross Margin Analysis. The results of the descriptive analysis showd that the mean age of respondents is 46.71. Majority (87.5%) of the respondents were married, while others were either, widow; divorce or single. Furthermore, result indicates that 46.6% of the respondents had been in melon marketing for 11 - 20 years with mean years of 18.3years marketing experience. The Gross Margin analysis shows that melon marketing in the study area was profitable with #1.62 realized from every #1.00 invested. The results also shows that irregular supply, price fluctuation, lack of storage facility among others were the major constraints facing marketers in the study area. Therefore, there is need for provision of more storage facilities, establishment of regulated marketing, provision of transport facilities and relevant information for the marketers.


Author Keywords:-Women, Melon, Marketing, Profitability, Kabba/Bunu.


The Impacts of Bushmeat Exploitations on the Conservation of Wildlife in Nigeria
ALARAPE A. A., SHUAIBU, R. B., YADUMA, Z. B
Abstract       pdf Full text PDF

This paper examines the impacts of exploitation of wild animals as bush-meat on the conservation of wildlife in Nigeria. This study was carried out in Six (6) States of Nigeria namely Abia; Bauchi; Edo; Kogi; Ondo; and Zamfara State which represents the six geo-political zones of Nigeria namely South-East; North-East; North-Central; South-West; South-South; and North-West in the country. Data were collected from two Local Government Areas (LGAs) which were randomly selected from each of the six states making twelve LGAs within the Study Area using structured questionnaire; oral interview of respondents; and visual observation. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics involving tables and figures. Two-factor without replication Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was used to analyze the differences in the wildlife species mostly hunted. The results revealed that Twenty-Six (26) wild animal species were recorded as bush-meat in the Study Area. Eleven percent (11.0%) of the 26 species of bush-meat were recorded in Abia State; 23.0% in Bauchi State; 11.0% in Edo State; 17.0% in Kogi State; 21.0% in Ondo State; and 17.0% in Zamfara state. The wild animals’ exploitation rate shows that the month of March had the highest exploitation rate (25.0%) while the month of September has the lowest extraction rate (8.0%). Most of the respondents (80.3%) in the Study Area carried out hunting activities for income generation while 19.7% respondents carried out hunting activities for food. The results of ANOVA two-factor without replication of the hunted wild animals in the Study Area indicated that there were significant differences (P-value < 0.05 and F-calculated > F-critical) in the wild animal species mostly hunted. This is a pointer to the fact that there will be negative impact of wild animal exploitation on the conservation of wildlife, if nothing is done to reduce hunting activities for income generation.


Author Keywords:-Bush-Meat; Wildlife Conservation; Meat Exploitations; Impacts; and Wild Animals.