May-June(2022)


An Analytical Study Relating to the Legal Dimensions against Cyberviolence in India
Ms. Deepali Rani Sahoo, Dr. Pooja Kapoor
Abstract       pdf Full text PDF
Cybercrimes can involve criminal activities that are traditional in nature, such as Hacking, fraud, Phishing, Cyberstalking, Identity stealing,Cyber Extortion, Pornography, Blackmailing, Software piracy, defamation and mischief, all of which are subject to the Indian Penal Code. The abuse of computers has also given birth to a gamut of new age crimes that are addressed by the Information Technology Act, 2000.Our research paper gives a bird eye view relating to the legal dimensions towards cybercrime in India. It also gives special reference to the cybercrime relating to pornography and blackmailing through internet. The study of area has been taken in to consideration of certain cases from Delhi NCR region for the proper study.

Author Keywords:- Doxing, Sexualised extortion, creepshots, up skirting, digital voyeurism, UNCITRAL Model Law, Cyberbullying



The Level of Management of Lecturers in Private Universities of Lusaka Province, Zambia
Mwanza Damiano
Abstract       pdf Full text PDF

University lecturers are high in human capital value for the development of a nation. In Zambia, there has been inadequate and no-direct empirical evidence of the degree of university lecturer management. The study assessed the level of management of university lecturers in private institutions of Lusaka province, Zambia. A quasi-experimental design which followed a quantitative approach was employed. A mixed methods research strategy was employed, which includes quantitative and qualitative data. Questionnaires were used to collect data by using a sample of 120 from five selected private institutions. Inferential statistics were utilized to test hypotheses using Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 26. The results of the study showed that the level of management of university lecturers in private universities is very low (x = 2.21) due to; lack of training ((x = 2.8), lack academic self-development (x = 2.48); lack of further education attainment (x = 1.4), lack of promotion, lack of human resource, poor communications within the university, lack of support from the top management, lack of support for publication and undertaking research x = 2.65), lack of support to participate in national conferences, seminars and academic article presentation (x = 2.30), and poor conditions of service. In view of the findings, the study recommends that top management should put in place guidelines concerning recruitment, promotion and staff welfare to avoid unnecessary dissatisfaction caused to staff members due to lack of systems. The study also recommends that top management should establish agreements, academic collaborations with other universities and resourceful institutions to enhance and guarantee the sustainability of successful university lectumanagement. Further, top management in private institutions should have policy on budget allocation to support the lecturers to further their higher education.


Author Keywords:-Lecturer, Management, factors, private institution


The Effect of Growth, Profitability and Institutional Ownership on Debt Policy
Mia Syavia, Lia Uzliawati, Agus Sholikhan Yulianto
Abstract       pdf Full text PDF

The purpose of this research is to discover the impact of Growth, Profitability, and Institutional Ownership on Debt Policy. The independent variables in this study are growth, profitability, and institutional ownership. The dependent variable in this study is debt policy. The population in this study are manufacturing companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in the 2018 - 2020 period. The study used the purposive sampling method in order to collect the sample. Based on certain criteria, there were 62 of 193 manufacturing companies matched with the sample. The Analytical technique used in this study is multiple linear regression. The analysis was used to test research hypothesis using SPSS 25. The result of this study indicates that growth has a positive effect on debt policy, profitability has a negative effect on debt policy, and institutional ownership has no effect on debt policy.


Author Keywords:Growth, Profitability, Institutional Ownership, Debt Policy


The Economic Crisis of Covid-19 and its Impact on Companies in North Macedonia
Albiona Fatmir Demiri
Abstract       pdf Full text PDF

The Covid-19 pandemic around the world has brought rapid and unexpected changes to the global economy but also to local companies, which have no plans or teams to manage this crisis and solve these problems that came as a shock to their teams. Companies in various sectors are experiencing severe economic hardship because of the Covid-19 crisis and have had to suspend or significantly reduce operations using different strategies during the pandemic. (Prof. Dr. Izet Zeqiri). This paper will analyze the impact of Covid-19 on business entities in the Republic of Northern Macedonia, how it acted in their activities. Did it negatively affect small, medium, and large, which of the business firms were most affected and how many of those businesses survived?


Author Keywords:Covid crisis, companies, pandemic, economy


The Influence of Supervisory Leadership Training, Job Competence and Job Satisfaction on Career Development through Work Commitments as A Variable Intervening Civil Apparatus of the Padang Pariaman Regency Regional Government
Sal Amini Eka Putra, Suarni, Afrianus, Betty Ernita
Abstract       pdf Full text PDF

The purpose of this study is to analyze and test the influence of Supervisory Leadership Training, Job Competencies, Job Satisfaction and Job Commitment to Career Development in the District. Padang Pariaman. The population in this study amounted to 59 people consisting of the entire number of civil servants who had participated in supervisory education training in Padang Pariaman Regency. Data retrieval techniques using questionnaires, then instrument tests are carried out, namely validity tests and reliability tests and classical assumption tests. Hypothesis tests use multiple linear regressions. The results of the study concluded that Supervisory Leadership Training has a positive and significant effect on career development, work competence has a positive and significant effect on career development and Job Satisfaction has a positive and significant effect on career development and Work Commitment has a positive and significant effect on career development. Based on data analysis, the results of this study prove a significant influence between Supervisory Leadership Training, Job Competence, Job Satisfaction and Work Commitment to Career Development in Padang Pariaman Regency.


Author Keywords:Leadership Training, Supervisor, Job Competencies, Job Satisfaction, Career Development, Work commitment.


President PUTIN of RUSSIA Begins Dismantling the Global Neoliberal Capitalism and the Financial Matrix of the Deep Mafia and Hegemony of the United States after the Declared Economic Sanctions War against Russia and if He Sells Raw Materials for Gold He Will Bankrupt the West and the United States
Prince Lord Prof. Momtchil Dobrev-Halachev, Princess Lady Prof. Mariola Garibova-Dobreva
Abstract       pdf Full text PDF

The start of the Ukraine-Russia military conflict has led to Western sanctions against Russia, which has led to countermeasures against Russia over its exports of all kinds of raw materials, which has opened Russia's door to dismantling global neoliberal capitalism and financial matrix of the deep mafia.


Author Keywords:War, Economics, Politics, Finance.


Iconography of the Ornaments on the Traditional Minagkabau House in West Sumatra
Ahmad Bahrudin, Rosta Minawati, Miswar, Purwo Prihatin, Sumadi
Abstract       pdf Full text PDF

The development of traditional ornaments in Minangkabau has been around for several centuries. The Minangkabau traditional building or the Rumah Gadang consists of several lanjars, into a single unit. In certain parts of this building, several carved ornaments. The ornaments in practice are not only decorative. The also reflect certain values related to the life of the supporting community, because traditional Minangkabau ornaments are full of meaning. These ornaments will be reviewed from an iconographic perspective. There are three points that will be examined in this study, namely: What is the expression of the traditional ornaments of the Minangkabau Traditional House; What is the relationship between the theme and the concept (image) contained in the traditional ornaments of the Minangkabau Traditional House; What intrinsic meaning or content is contained in the traditional ornaments of the Minangkabau Traditional House. To answer these questions an iconographic approach is needed which consists of three stages: (1) PreIconographic examination; (2) Iconographic analysis; and (3) Iconological Interpretation. The research method used is a qualitative method, with analytical descriptive analysis. The sample was determined based on purposive sampling technique and data was collected through literature study, observation and interviews. The data was then identified and classified selectively, and then analyzed and interpreted according to the text and context.


Author Keywords:Iconography, Ornaments, Minangkabau, West Sumatra.


Mixed Methods to Study the Interlanguage of Adult Learners of Maltese as a Second Language
Jacqueline Żammit
Abstract       pdf Full text PDF

Despite the increased interest in learning Maltese as a second language (MSL), there is a lack of research and large-scale studies on MSL, particularly on the best data collecting research method for identifying the learning patterns of adult MSL learners. Without a better understanding of such patterns, it is hard to ascertain whether the learners are on the right track concerning MSL learning. As such, the main objective of this study was to conduct exhaustive research to determine whether employing mixed methods was appropriate to identify if the learning patterns of MSL learners follow a linear pattern or not with reference to verbal tense and aspect. Furthermore, the study investigated whether MSL learners use the imperfett (an aspect referring to action without a time reference that occurs in the future, the present, or repeatedly as a habit) or perfett (a verb form that depicts a complete and finished action and focuses on the end of a situation, generally associated with past events). Considering the significance of required data, this analysis used a variety of methods (a combination of both qualitative and quantitative research methods). Due to logistical limitations, the research included a small group of 35 MSL learners from the state-run Lifelong Learning programme who were at an intermediate level of MSL learning. All targeted participants were adults aged 19 to 74 years old. The mixed method was especially useful for this research because it enabled the targeted participants a voice and ensured that the study results were focused on their experiences. According to Creswell and Poth (2016), the methodological aspects of mixed research methods are cornerstones of scientific research that are designed to avoid any misconception. These aspects are closely related to formulating the research questions, variations, hypothesis, selecting appropriate research design and methodology, and yielding the intended result.


Author Keywords:Mixed Research Methods, Qualitative Research methods, Quantitative Research methods, Maltese as a second language (MSL), adult learners, learning patterns.


Identification of Sicknesses through Women Producers of Herbal Medicine (AGBO) during COVID-19 Pandemic in Southwest Nigeria
Emmanuel, E, OGBU; Chiebuka P UZOEBO; Isaiah, B, ADISA; Ephraim, I, NWOKPORO; Ayoyinka, A, BAKARE; , Emiola, O, OJEDOYIN
Abstract       pdf Full text PDF

The link between stigmatization and the COVID-19 pandemic is related to how health practitioners categorize sicknesses. Since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, indigenous medicine has been widely used to combat disease in southwest Nigeria. The study sought to comprehend how Agbo (herbal medicine) women producers identify sicknesses in southwest communities during the COVID-19 pandemic's sudden onset. To pay close attention to the identification of sicknesses, we used a symbolic interaction approach. In Lagos, Oyo, and Ogun States, Nigeria, fifteen semi-structured interviews with Agbo women producers were conducted using the snowballing technique. Content analysis and the Pivot-table analytical tool were used to interpret the data. Agbo women producers identify a sickness based on their belief system, level of openness of patients, observations, spiritual consultations, and healing skills. According to the findings, the majority of herb producers who use previous experiences and observations to guide the identification of sicknesses specialize in short-term patient admission. The majority of illnesses treated had spiritual, cultural, and lifestyle causes. Participants believed that the widespread use of Agbo at the start of COVID-19 was motivated by a desire to avoid being labeled as a coronavirus patient in the community and hospitals.


Author Keywords:Agbo, women producers, community health, COVID-19, herbal medicine, sickness