TheWith the advent of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), the world is now accessible with the click of the mouse and hence happenstances around the world can be related within the next possible minute. An average smart phone owner cannot do without visiting a social media platform daily, hence it can be used effectively to target particular voters, encourage people to exercise their franchise and make information go viral. This study seeks to examine the role played by the social media platforms, such as Instagram, Twitter, Facebook and YouTube toward increasing political participation in Nigeria with specific reference to the concluded 2019 general elections. There is no gainsaying that the election management body in Nigeria which is saddled with the responsibility of educating voters on their electoral roles doesn’t have pronounced presence in the social space as at the 2019 general elections. This paper analyses the roles of social media in voters’ sensitization as well as effective information dissemination and voter education. It is descriptive as well as analytical as data were got from secondary sources such as newspapers, magazines, periodicals, journals, etc, while the uses and gratification theory was adopted as the theoretical framework of analysis. Based on the foregoing, the paper revealed that; the social media is a vital instrument of information dissemination towards adequate voter sensitization and consequent participation has aided unreliable source of information, fake news as well as the promotion of hate speeches of candidates during campaigns. The paper therefore, recommends an increased presence of the election management bodies on the social media platforms to ensure adequate voter education and sensitization; with the urgent need for improved news censorship so as to checkmate the adverse effects of social media like hate speeches which has the capacity of exacerbating into full blown crises if not properly managed.
Water covers three quarters of the earth surface although only about one percent is available to humans as drinking water. But reliable and sufficient supply of safe water is one of the basic needs of all mankind. This project explores peri urban household’s behavior on willingness to pay for safe drinking water by surveying and analyzing 120 peri urban households in Ijebu North East Local Government Area. Descriptive statistics was used to analyze household socio-economic characteristics. A classical method was employed, contingent valuation method. The binary logit was used to estimate household decision of paying or not paying for safe drinking water. In all, about half of the household have piped water as their major source of drinking water out of the four categories (piped, well, bottled and sachet water). The household’s decision to pay for tap water was tested at 5 percent and years of schooling, gender, average monthly income and marital status were found to be significant. The results also shows that the household decision to pay for sachet water significantly depends on major source of water, household contribution to water project, number of taps and current water services. Meanwhile number of household member below SSCE and household monthly income are strong factors influencing household’s willingness to pay for bottled water. This study recommends boosting educational system through encouraging the masses on the long term effect of been educated via media houses as well as government making education affordable through funds amongst others.
The national health insurance program (JKN) provided by the government can guarantee the health of all Indonesian people in a comprehensive, inexpensive, affordable and quality manner through a referral system that is running well. This study aimed to determine the cost of heart failure treatment in the INA-CBG tariff package for outpatient JKN patients. This study is a quantitative descriptive study whose data were taken retrospectively. The sampling technique used was total sampling by taking secondary data from medical record, which included sociodemographic characteristics, prescribing patterns and drug costs at a hospital in Indonesia in 2021. The results showed the financing for treating heart failure patients in October– December 2021 amounting to Rp13,207,307, following INA CBG's tariff guidelines.
This study investigated the efficiency of credit regulation on profitability of banks in Nigeria. The independent variables applied Non-performing loans (NPLs); Loan and Advances (LA) and Interest (ITR); while Return on Equity (ROE) proxy profitability as the dependent variable. The populations were all the listed commercial banks in Nigeria Stock Exchange, 2014 to 2020; while purposive sampling techniques selected five banks with the applicable data. The analyses employed: Descriptive Statistics; Pearson Correlation and Regression on the collected secondary data. The result found the adjusted R2 value to be R2 (51%), which is jointly explained by the independent variables used; while 49% is explained by other factors outside the scope of this study. Other findings show that NPLs is negative and statistically significant; while LA and ITR are negative and statistically insignificant on the pooled Bank’s ROE. The study contributes, with the overall significant of the applied variables and, with the new modernized model. Recommendations are that banks’ managers should enhance their capacity in credit regulations, loan managements and also adhere strictly to other financial regulations applicable to financial institutions in Nigeria and elsewhere. The findings’ implications are that: care must be taken in generalizing these findings in other institutions; especially those firms that are not categorized among money deposit banks and other firms that do not deal in loaning.
The purpose of this study is to explain and examine how social issues and public services affect the Good Government's ability to meet the needs of the people of Maros Regency.This study's population is the per-KK community of Maros Regency, which includes 196,128 people per-KK in 14 districts, including Turikale, MarosBaru, Lau, Bontoa, Mandai, Marusu, Tanralili, Muzzleloe, Tompobulu, Bantimurung, Simbang, Cenrana, Camba, and Mallawa.This study's sample, consisting of 300 respondents, was selected using probability sampling, multistage random sampling, or cluster sampling based on stratified area/region division.The modeling of structural equations (SEM) Lisreal is the analytical method used to test hypotheses.Public services and social issues were found to have a significant impact on the Good Government's performance, as demonstrated by the findings.Public services have a significant impact on the community's needs, social issues have a significant impact on the community's needs, and the performance of the Good Government has a significant impact on the community's needs.
Human resource management is a key element to optimize the quality of care offered by a health institution The primary objective of this study are to determine the quality and quantity of staff of the University Hospital Center of Befelatanana. This is a retrospective, transversal and descriptive study, from August 2018 to July 2019 in the University Hospital Center of Befelatanana. Concerning the results, the number of staff is insufficient according to 65.9% of respondents. 44.4% of administrative staff said that their work does not correspond to their training or qualifications. Equipment, working conditions and remuneration are the most demotivating factors for staff. More than half of the staff (60.2%) received continuous training, but no evaluation was made after each training according to 62.3% of respondents. This study showed that 80.7% do not benefit from any evaluation, either after or outside of training. The majority of services as well as the personal service do not have a competency framework. In brief, the existence of plethora of problems in the personnel management of CHUJRB comes from the absence of GPEECC plan.