Volume 5 ~ Issue 5, September (2023)

Gaps in the Implementation of Blended Education in Higher Learning Institutions in Zambia
Pethias Siame, Jive Lubbungu, Joseph K. Hachintu
Abstract       pdf Full text PDF
The paper problematizes the major gaps higher learning institutions in Zambia face during the implementation of blended learning. A qualitative approach and document review methodology were used to collect and analyze information. Technological, Pedagogical, and Content Knowledge (TPACK) theory, Diffusion of Innovation Theory, and the Community of Inquiry (CoI) model were used to underpin the study. The documents on blended learning in general and Zambia, in particular, were reviewed to arrive at the prevailing gaps. The study reveals the following gaps in the implementation of blended learning in higher learning institutions in Zambia: lack of capacity building to enable stakeholders to handle blended teaching and learning efficiently and effectively, lack of capacity (manpower) to foster blended education, lack of infrastructure and equipment, insecurity of information communication technology (ICT) systems, high cost of running blended learning such as ICT charges, and lack of national policy on blended learning. The study recommends complete support of blended education by higher learning institutions backed by the Higher Education Authority.

Author Keywords:- Blended learning, delivery modes, gaps, higher learning institutions, Zambia

Translation Strategies of Euphemism, Orthophemism, and Dysphemism in Euphoria TV Series
Dyah Mustikasari, Rahmanti Asmarani, Jumanto Jumanto
Abstract       pdf Full text PDF

This study aims to find out the words and phrases in the English and Indonesian subtitles in the Euphoria TV Series that represent euphemism, orthophemism, and dysphemism, and the translation strategies employed. The researcher used the qualitative approach in conducting this study because the subject of analysis is a TV Series. From the research, it is found that there are 3 or 5.34% euphemisms, 41 dysphemism or 73.21%, and 12 or 21.42% orthophemism. There are 5 translation strategies, those are 18 or 32.14% general word, 11 data or 19.64% less expressive word, 16 data or 28.57% cultural substitution, 2 data or 3.57% paraphrase using unrelated word, and 9 data or 16.07% omission. There are 3 translation strategies that are not used by the translator in translating the dialogue in Euphoria TV Series, those are loan word, paraphrase by using related word, and illustration. From this result, the dialogue in Euphoria TV Series contains taboos that are sexist, offensive, harassing, and even vulgar. The translator used several strategies to translate the English conversation into Indonesian subtitle. This is because the most frequently mentioned language expression is dysphemism, which often uses vulgar and straightforward words or phrases. Therefore, the translation into Indonesian will be closer to a general word strategy to ensure easy understanding for Indonesian audiences.

Author Keywords:-Dysphemism, euphemism, orthophemism, taboo, translation strategies.

Non-Verbal Creativity and Intellectual Challenges
Dr. Aazra Nuh, Dr. Amalendu Paul
Abstract       pdf Full text PDF

In the present study the investigators made an attempt to study non-verbal creativity of Intellectually Challenged Students with respect to medical disorders causing intellectual challenges (like Mental Retardation/Intellectual Disability, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Down Syndrome and Cerebral Palsy). Fifty learners with intellectual challenges from two special schools in Kolkata region were selected by purposive sampling technique. In this study, 'Non-Verbal Test of Creative Thinking'(NVTCT-M), developed by Dr. Baqer Mehdi, was used. The study revealed that types of medical disorders causing intellectual challenges has significant impact on elaboration, originality and total non-verbal creativity of students with intellectual challenges. It is expected that this study, though small, would make significant contribution to the field of education in general and special education in particular. Besides, it might prove beneficial to psychiatrists, neurologists and researchers in the field of creativity, medical science and neuroscience. Apart from this, the present study is very relevant today at a time when NEP 2020 and the recent UNESCO State of the Education Report for India 2021 have laid emphasis on the education of individual learners including those with special needs.

Author Keywords:-Non-verbal creativity, Intellectual challenges, Types of medical disorders causing intellectual challenges, Intellectually challenged students

The Main Barriers to the Implementation of Industry 4.0 in RMG for Bangladesh: A Fuzzy-AHP Analysis
Sarajit Kumar Mondal, Sajal Chandra Banik, Md. Sanaul Rabbi
Abstract       pdf Full text PDF

Sarajit Kumar Mondal1, Sajal Chandra Banik2, Md. Sanaul RabbiThe manufacturing and processing industries in Bangladesh are being influenced by the Fourth Industrial Revolution. The goal of the study is to use the Fuzzy Analytical Hierarchy Process (Fuzzy-AHP) geometric mean approach, a Multi Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) methodology, to identify, analyze, and rank the main barriers to Industry 4.0 implementation in Bangladesh's Ready-Made Garments (RMG) industries. Using pairwise comparisons, the linguistic and numerical preferences of 11 specialists from various industries were collected. The four primary barriers identified from related review studies are used as input variables in the Fuzzy-AHP method to measure the intensity level of barriers. The results have shown that the main four barriers to Industry 4.0 are: Lack of Decision makers' support and industry owners' willingness (43%); Lack of Ability to cover digital infrastructure costs (29.3%); Lack of Technical skills and learning (17.5%); and Availability of a cheaper workforce (10.2%). The barriers are evaluated and prioritized based on their weightings, which measure the intensity of the barriers to Industry 4.0 implementation. Applying the consistency ratio verification technique, the collected ratio scales are validated

Author Keywords:-Industry 4.0; Fuzzy-AHP; Ready Made Garments (RMG); Main barriers; Pair wise Comparisons.

Security Risk Management Strategies in High-Risk Environments
Michael Munyaradzi Makova (PhD)
Abstract       pdf Full text PDF

Security risks in humanitarian operational environments are diverse and complex and require systematic approaches to address them. The paper presents an overview of security risk management in high-risk humanitarian contexts. It critically examines security risk management strategies adopted by humanitarian organizations to deal with insecurity in high risk environments. Addressing security risks in high-risk humanitarian environments entails embracing some or a mixture of security risk management strategies suitable to given contexts. The aim is to lower security risks to levels that allow safe and secure humanitarian operations. Sound humanitarian security risk management strategies allow humanitarian personnel to stay and deliver, enabling humanitarian work to continue in high-risk environments. In this regard, humanitarian organizations have cardinal responsibilities to develop and implement security risk management policies, procedures, processes, practices, and measures that address inherent security risks in high risk environments.

Author Keywords:-Duty of care, High-risk environments, Humanitarian security risk management, Security strategy and Security risk management strategies.