Where two or more people are involved in contractual synergies, the inevitability of disagreement and conflicts is as comparable to oxygen in the daily life of humans. Workers across the world are alike in the sense that they desire recognition, satisfaction, fair wages and salaries, security of job, redress of wrongs and good working conditions. But often, the employers and the workers (through their unions) find themselves in sharp disagreement, which gives rise to trade disputes. It is the desire of every man to have and enjoy a stable environment and society. Nevertheless, disputes and conflicts are inseparable from human existence and society. Therefore, for man to have the desired society disputes and conflicts cannot be ignored, they must be managed and resolved. It is with this in mind that the legislature in Nigeria promulgated the Trade Dispute Act, Cap T8, Laws of the Federation of Nigeria, 2004, which provides for the mechanisms for management of trade disputes in Nigeria. The thrust of this paper therefore is to examine those mechanisms in the Act, through which settlement of trade disputes could be achieved. The paper finds out that the mechanisms and the processes leading thereto are entangled into a lot of government influences through the office of the Minister of Labour, making achieving justice, in disputes involving the government, not very probable. The paper concludes by making recommendations, among others, for restructuring of the processes and mechanisms to be devoid of the enormous powers of the Minister of Labour, with a view to achieving justice devoid of government influence.
Given the importance of Public Policies for social transformation, the document explains why and under what circumstances they constitute a decisive factor to promote or inhibit social transformation. A policy is a purposeful, intentional, planned behavior, not just reactive, casual. It is set in motion with the decision to achieve certain objectives through certain means: it is an action with meaning. It is a process, a course of action that involves a whole complex set of decisions and operators. Politics is also a public communication activity. Hence, the purpose of this article is s be a guide in the understanding and analysis of what is meant by Public Policies, as well as contributing to the understanding of the mechanisms for their design and elaboration. That they have a clear and simple idea of what Public Policies are in a generalized context and the steps that must be carried out to implement them.