(July-August, 2021)

Relationship between Foreign Active Sports Tourists’ Travel Motivation, Past Travel Experience and Revisit Intention; Empirical Evidence from Nuwara Eliya Tourist Area
K.R.M.I.L. Rathnayaka, A.L.K.R. Fernando
Abstract       pdf Full text PDF
Tourism which has been diversified and connected with many other industries is recognized as a focal industry in both developed and developing economies due to its growing contribution towards economic development. Over the time, a well-established interconnectedness is observed between sports and tourism due to their several common attributes. The main objective of this cross-sectional study is to examine the relationships between travel motivation, past travel experience and revisit intention of foreign active sports tourists with special reference to Nuwara Eliya tourist area which is a highly attractive destination among foreign tourists. Data was collected from 100 active sports foreign tourists, who engaged in popular sporting activities in Nuwara Eliya by using purposive sampling. Based on empirical studies, variables are operationalized and a Likert scale questionnaire was adopted as the survey instrument. Data was analyzed using SPSS 23.0 version. The hypothesized relationships were tested with Spearmen correlation after checking for outliers, internal consistency and normality. While revisit intention was revealing a moderate positive relationship with past travel experience, there was a poor positive relationship with travel motivation. Accordingly, Nuwara Eliya public and private institutions should initiate more strategies to enhance the availability of natural resources based adventure sporting activities and seasonal sporting tournaments to attract more sports tourists.

Author Keywords:- Active Sports Tourist, Past Travel Experience, Revisit Intention, Travel Motivation

Papua Forest Management Based on Indigenous Communities towards Papua to Rise Independent and Prosperously
Alfred Alfonso Antoh
Abstract       pdf Full text PDF

Forests as biological wealth are an important resource for the surrounding community. Forests provide various kinds of needs that are needed and ensure their survival. The current state of the forest is threatened by various commercial activities such as the use of forest and land resources. The high use of forests and land to improve the welfare of the community at large, but the fact today is that many poor people live around forest areas.

Author Keywords:- Papuan forest, community welfare, indigenous peoples

Correlation Overview between Knowledge and Attitudes towards Occupational Safety and Health (K3) with Occupational Accidents
Rissa Mahfirah’eni, Bambang Suhardi
Abstract       pdf Full text PDF

This paper was created as an overview of the level of knowledge and occupational safety and health (K3) concerning the incidence of work accidents. The aim is to determine the relationship between the level of knowledge of K3 with the incidence of work accidents. The method used for this research is a literature study, in the form of literature articles and books obtained through several search engines, including 4 from Google and 11 from Google Scholar. The review shows that the level of knowledge of K3 has a relationship with the incidence of work accidents where the higher the level of knowledge of K3 in workers in a workplace, the incidence of work accidents will also be lower. The conclusion obtained is that there is a relationship between the level of knowledge of occupational safety and health (K3) on the incidence of work accidents.

Author Keywords:Knowledge level, occupational safety, and health (K3), work accident.

Ergonomic Study of the Physical Environment: The Problem of Noise in Industrial and Non-Industrial Sectors
Muhammad Rizki, Bambang Suhardi
Abstract       pdf Full text PDF

Research on noise studies informs that noise disturbance is caused by many sources which can come from industrial and non-industrial categories. Noise is a study in the realm of ergonomics, so development to take an important role in knowing the handling and preventing health problems in the future is needed. A data collection of several journals indexed by Scopus and registered with Google Scholar with a total of 40 articles on noise has been carried out with a period of publication over the last decade, 2011-2021. The results of the analysis found that air pollution is part of the dominant noise effect from the non-industrial sector rather than the industrial sector in ratio. Among the non-industrial categories include traffic density, airport activity, train noise, and others. Meanwhile, industrial activities generally originate from the sound of machines that produce or operate for the duration of the work. All sources of noise must be reduced as they can cause hearing loss.

Author Keywords:Noise, Industrial, Non-industrial.

Appraising Elements of Post-Occupancy Evaluation Influencing Improvement of Residential Satisfaction in Public Housing Estates in Nigeria
NKPITE, Bari-ene Samuel, ESAU, James Esau
Abstract       pdf Full text PDF

Residential satisfaction in public housing estates, its impact can better understand through buildings delivery processes and decision on resident’s response to initially and over the life cycle of the building. This study focused on the elements influencing improvement of residential satisfaction in federal housing estates in Abia State, Nigeria. An investigative post occupancy evaluation (POE) was the approach adopted for this study with questionnaire and interview conducted on the residents. A sample of 75 households were selected from 105 housing units within the two public housing estates. The sample represents 78.6% of the total public housing population. Data collected were analyzed using percentage, mean, and relative importance index (RII) on a 5 point likert scale questions with scaling namely: strongly disagree = 1, disagreed = 2, undecided = 3, agree = 4, and strongly agree = 5, in order to weigh the influencing mechanisms. It was found that more than half of the respondents (74.6%) agree that architectural, economic, technical, procurement, and functional processes are the aspects of POE to residential satisfaction with the expectations of improving the aesthetic quality of the built environment, brings return on invested capital, create imaginative thinking to maintenance issues, maintain and manage buildings with allocated resources, and explore the understanding towards building in-use to support human’s daily activities. Also, with an average RII values >0.60 the study established that the elements influencing improvement of residential satisfaction are building assessment and procurement, participatory maintenance, innovative tools developed, information dissemination, feedbacks, formulate and implement policies, and plan, programme and manage building life cycles. Therefore, POE should be adopted by public estate developers; as feedback mechanisms for data collected and information on buildings that are better target to appropriate decision making, and the lesson learned are applied in the next building cycle of a similar facility type.

Author Keywords:Appraisal, Elements, Influence, Residential Satisfaction, Public Housing Estates

A Sociolinguistics Approach to Language and Identity in a Japanese Returnee Student: Case Study and Treatment
Lydia Leung
Abstract       pdf Full text PDF

This paper will examine the sociolinguistic aspects of language and culture and its relation to identity. We will first begin with a definition of language and culture from a sociolinguistic perspective followed by a thick description of a Japanese classroom and a brief case study on language and identity. Then, a case study presenting the challenges experienced by a Japanese returnee student after reintegrating into the Japanese education system will be analyzed. Finally, a focused literature review with an overview of the sociolinguistic aspects related to bicultural identity raised in the case study and pedagogical applications will also be discussed.

Author Keywords:bicultural, culture, identity, Japan, sociolinguistics

Identity Politics of the Bodos and the NDFB in Assam
Sanshrima Basumatary
Abstract       pdf Full text PDF

Since its independence, India has been facing the challenges and issues of ethnic identity in its North-eastern part and due to these issues there have been origins of different insurgent groups. Assam being one of the states of Northeast India has been facing many challenges due to the identity politics and insurgency. The Bodos are the native of the Brahmaputra Valley in Assam. National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB) being one of the insurgent groups in Assam originated due to the identity politics of the Bodo community which is one of the indigenous tribes of Assam. The demands of the Bodo community started since the colonial times along with the other indigenous tribes of Assam. The demand continued after the independence of India in 1947. In the mid-1980s, due to the discrimination faced by the Bodos in Assam, the intellectuals raised their campaign for the creation of separate Bodo majority land known as Bodoland. While the majority of the Bodos proposed Bodoland as an autonomous territory or state within India, a small section which was formed as a radical group named as the National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB), formerly known as BSF demanded for complete sovereignty. The paper discusses the issue of ethnic identity of the Bodo indigenous groups which led to the formation of insurgency in Assam. The objective of this paper is to highlight the role of the NDFBs in the politics of Assam.

Author Keywords:Assam, Identity Politics, Bodo, Insurgency, NDFB.

The Effect of Audit Quality, Internal Audit Size, Auditor Competency and Management Support on the Effectiveness of Internal Audit
Yayak Nugroho, Lia Uzliawati, M. Taqi
Abstract       pdf Full text PDF

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of audit quality, the size of the internal audit, and the competency of auditors with management support as moderating variables on the effectiveness of internal audit. The theory used was institutional theory where internal audit as part of the company will try to adapt and equate itself with the values and culture around it (homogenization). The research population was internal auditors who worked in State-Owned Enterprises (SOE) in the Finance and Insurance Sector. The data used was primary data with a sample of 62 respondents with the snowball method of data collection. The results of the study show that audit quality and auditor competency have a positive effect and management support moderate the effect of audit quality on internal audit effectiveness.

Author Keywords:audit quality, internal audit size, auditor competency, management support, effectiveness of internal audit.