(September-October 2021)

Assessment of Occupational Information Services on Students Career Choice in Secondary Schools in Gwer-West Local Government Area of Benue State, Nigeria
Gbeyongu Frederick, Terkimbi, Dahiru Daniel Ada, Lamidi Alaba, Muideen
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One of the major reasons that have been attributed to wrong career seeking behavior is lack of access to information on career and labor market. Therefore, this research deals with the Assessment of Occupational Information services on Students Career Choice in Secondary Schools in Gwer-West Local Government Area of Benue State, Nigeria. The study adopted survey research design, the study sampled five secondary school at random, out of which one hundred and fifty students and twenty counselors were randomly selected. A structured questionnaire titled students-counselor questionnaire was used for data collection. The instrument had four point modified likert scale. The instrument was validated using spearman rank order correlation co-efficient which yielded reliability coefficient of 0.87. Data collected were analyzed using mean and standard deviation with an acceptable mean value of 2.50 otherwise rejected. Based on the analysis, it was revealed that school counselors help students to adjust in their academic performance, improve students’ discipline, assist students to discover their potentials, help students to make informed career decision, It was also revealed that counselors are not inadequate in secondary schools in the study area, inadequate funding is the major hindrances to effective counseling services in secondary schools, sources and methods of occupational information are not adequate in secondary schools, It was also revealed that the major factors influencing career choice of students to include parent, peer group, prestige of the job and interest. Based on the findings it was recommended that school administrators should budget money for proper funding of occupational information unit in their various schools.

Author Keywords:- Assessment, Occupational Information, Counselors, Career, Career Choice, Secondary Schools

Application of SNI 99002:2016 Halal Slaughtering of Poultry at Agung Chicken Slaughterhouse (RPA)
Muhammad Dzaki ‘Alauddin, Bambang Suhardi, dan Ari Diana Susanti
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The development of the chicken slaughtering industry or Chicken Slaughterhouse (RPA) has spread in several areas. The law regulates the guarantee of halal products in UU no. 33 tahun 2014. The law explains the guarantees for the provisions of halal product materials, the rights and obligations of halal product entrepreneurs, and how to obtain halal certificates. The awareness of the owner of the Agung Chicken RPA to improve the standard of the RPA and the ability to compete in the market prompted the need to fulfill the standard according to SNI and improve the carcass processing process at the Agung Chicken RPA. This study aims to make RPA Agung Chicken able to realize an increase in standards by meeting the criteria of SNI 99002:2016 regarding Halal Slaughter in Poultry. It also reduces the incidence of defective products in the processing of chicken carcasses. The research was conducted using the Define Measure, Analyze, and Improve stages approach. The define stage is carried out by defining the criteria from SNI 99002:2016 and explaining the types of defects found in the chicken carcass processing process. Then, the measuring stage is carried out by assessing what criteria need to be met by RPA Agung Chicken, also counting the number of defective products found in the carcass processing process. The Analyze stage is done by analyzing the criteria that need to be met by RPA Agung Chicken and analyzing the causes of defective products. After that, the Improve stage was carried out by outlining the proposals that needed to be implemented to comply with SNI 9002:2016 concerning Halal Slaughter in poultry. The conclusion is that RPA Agung Chicken has not implemented the 23 criteria set by SNI 99002:2016. Proposed actions that need to be implemented by RPA Agung Chicken in the form of implementing a halal assurance system which contains the appointment of a halal supervisor, preparation of RPA halal commitments and policies, preparation of supporting documents for the processing process from chicken acceptance to carcass packaging, and preparation of the management team structure. lawful. In addition, it is necessary to prepare and carry out processing stages according to SOPs and scheduling repairs of feather removal machines.

Author Keywords:-Indonesian National Standard, Chicken Slaughterhouse, Halal Slaughter, Defect, DMAI.

Human Resource Competence and Application of Government Accounting Standards on Assets on the Quality of Financial Statement Information
Jayaningsih, Lia Uzliawati, Elvin Bastian
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This research aims to test the influence of Human Resource Competence (HR), Application of Government Accounting Standards (SAP) on Assets, and Internal Control System as moderating variables on the Quality of Information of Public Universities' Financial Statements in Eastern Indonesia. The type of data used in this study is primary data obtained from questionnaires distributed directly to respondents, namely the Internal Supervision Unit and Officials / Employees of Financial Managers in the Accounting and Reporting Section at State Universities in eastern Indonesia. Determination of samples through purposive sampling with a total of 102 respondents. The data analysis method used to test hypotheses is SPSS. The results of the analysis showed that Human Resource Competence (HR), and the Application of Government Accounting Standards (SAP) on assets are directly related to the Quality of Financial Statement Information so that the Internal Control System cannot moderate the relationship between HR and SAP on assets with Financial Statement Information Quality.

Author Keywords:Human Resource Competence, Application of Government Accounting Standards on Assets, Quality of Financial Statement Information and Internal Control System.

How to Predict the Impact of the Smallholder Oil Palm Replanting Program on Households and Regional Economy?
Ardi Novra, Fatati
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The aim of the research to estimate the temporary impact of the smallholder oil palm replanting (SOPR) programs on the households and regional economy. The research survey on 3 (three) smallholder oil palm plantation centers that will enter a period of rejuvenation, namely Dataran Kempas, Purwodadi, and Sungai Keruh villages in Tebing Tinggi District, West Tanjung Jabung Regency, Jambi Province, Indonesia. The selection of 152 households as the unit of analysis was carried out using multistage cluster random sampling with an equal allocation of the number of households in each village. The results showed that the impact of the SOPR program on household and regional economies was different and related to the level of dependence on oil palm commodities. At the micro-level, temporary income loss is related to the dependence of household income on oil palm plantations, namely the proportion of income from oil palm to total income and variations in household income sources. These micro factors are accumulated with factors at the macro level such as the proportion of oil palm households, the diversity of plant ages, and the average area and proportion of plantation land that will be replanted. Based on this description, it can be concluded that the impact of the SOPR program on the household and regional economy is interrelated and relatively large in plantation center areas.

Author Keywords:households, oil palm; region; replanting; temporary loss income.

Digital Technology Access and Use among Socially and Economically Disadvantaged Groups in Turkana County, Kenya
Jeremiah Osida Onunga, Samuel Mbugua
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The involvement and experiences of socioeconomically disadvantaged people in Turkana County, Kenya, were examined in this article. This was a qualitative study that looked into how different groups use information and communication technologies (ICTs), such as the internet, smartphones, and computers. Access to digital information and communication networks, particularly via the Internet and mobile phones/smartphones, is increasingly considered as essential for full citizen engagement in modern society's economic, social, educational, political, and cultural activities. This is especially true as the prevalence of digital access and use among the general public grows fast, and as businesses and governments increasingly rely on ICT to deliver services, support, and information. Internet like water, gas, and electricity, broadband connectivity is quickly becoming a necessity. According to various researchers, a world without the Internet will become unfathomable for many people in the next few years or so, much as a world without telephones did many years ago. Data on ICT access, on the other hand, demonstrate that a large proportion of people in both the developed and developing world’s still have limited or no access to ICTs and opportunity to use them.

Author Keywords:Digital Technology, Internet, Mobile phones, modern society, disadvantaged groups, socioeconomically

Pan Africanism and the Retrieval of Africa from ‘Cultural Adjustment Programmes’
‘Lanre OLU-ADEYEMI, Johnson Olawale BAMIGBOSE, Olusola ISIJOLA
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African peoples and culture are in a dilemma of cultural decimation. Colonialism and its vestiges had paved the way for today's cultural globalization by leaving Africa in a state of cultural disorientation and vulnerability to an unending cultural invasion. Western culture fuels globalization just as it did during the age of colonialism and imperialism. Similarly, globalized cultural structures and tendencies have taken over the traditional forms of the creation, dissemination and preservation of culture. In all of these, African peoples and culture are not participants on terms they have decided for themselves! Rather, globalisation had Westernised African culture through subtle cultural adjustment templates – clothes, music, food, art, sport, images, and social life in a manner similar to the way African economies were plunged into the Structural Adjustment Programmes (SAP). This paper deploys secondary data to show that under globalisation; Africa’s indigenous culture's role as a spontaneous and integral part of people's life is eroded thus ceasing it from serving as the means of constructing societal values, reproducing group identity and building social cohesion. It concludes that just as free trade naturally favours larger economies, also, predominant western influence stifles the cultures and traditions of the developing world. Thus; cultural globalisation is a consequence of power concentration in the global media and manufacturing companies than the African people's own wish to abandon their cultural identity and diversity. In other words, cultural globalization destroys diversity and displaces the opportunity to sustain decent human life through an assortment of many different cultures. The paper recommends the re-kindling of the Pan-African spirit in order to retrieve African peoples and culture from the myriad of ‘cultural adjustment programmes’ that confronts it.

Author Keywords:Cultural globalization, cultural adjustment programmes, Pan-Africanism

Impacts of Online Learning in Pandemic Times on Art Culture Education at Institut Seni Budaya Indonesia(ISBI) Aceh
Mirza Irwansyah, Syahrizal, Erlinda, Zulhelmi
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The COVID-19 pandemic has caused largest disruption of higher education systems. This study describes the impact of online learning on cultural arts education at the Institut Seni Budaya Indonesia (ISBI) Aceh during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study focuses on several parameters that became the benchmark for impact on (1) the level of learning success among students, (2) the success of educators in transforming materials, concepts and cultural arts practices to students, and (3) reviewing the level of success in implementing education from the perspective of the institutional managers. This study used a survey method combined with a simple experiment to test the suitability and reliability of online learning applications in academic market. The survey was intended for 3 groups of respondents, namely student group with a total of 40% of the population of ISBI Aceh students; the second group is educators with 60% of lecturers participating in the circulating survey; the last group is institutional managers with respondents consisting of institutional top leaders, head of institution and heads of departments. The survey results show that the success rate of online learning is in the range of 60-70%, while parameters for the success of material, concept, and practice transformation face significant constraints. This is reflected in the responses from ISBI Aceh academic community (> 70%), who stated that the concepts of dance arts, fine arts, crafts, theater arts, and musical education concepts are educational concepts that are very difficult to implement online, which means hard skills as Semester Learning Plans were not implemented properly. Besides all the constraints that arise from these research findings, there are positive things that can be taken by all parties including ISBI Aceh academic community. Survey data shows that COVID-19 pandemic has spawned several methodologies and application models and has inspired new ideas that can be used in the management of education, teaching, and also science development, especially in cultural arts field.

Author Keywords:Pandemic, COVID-19, online learning, education management, ISBI Aceh

Ayeni Conqueror Ayoariyo
Abstract       pdf Full text PDF

Ventilation rates in classrooms often fall far short of the minimum ventilation rates specified in standards. There is compelling evidence, from both cross sectional and intervention studies, of an association of increased student performance with increased ventilation rates. In this research-work, six(6) study-visits to each of one hundred and eight (108) classrooms in thirty-Six (36) Public Primary schools [located in three South-western Nigerian cities of Abeokuta, Ibadan and Ilorin] were embarked upon, to obtain the values of indoor environmental-parameters *such as ‘Indoor reference Windspeed (Vref)’, ‘Relative Humidity(RH)’, ‘Area of total effective Ventilation-opening (Anet)’, ‘Classroom-dimensions( l, b and h )’ and ‘Occupancy(N)’+; using the WM-200 Windmate wind-meter, the AcuRite 00613A1 top-digital Hygrometer, a measuring-tape, and by visual-observation. The values obtained were then inputted into empirical-models to determine the values of three ventilation-parameters i.e. Wind-driven Cross-ventilation rate (Qw), Ventilation rate per person (Qwpp) and Air Changes per Hour (ACH) for each of the 108 classrooms. A comparison of the values of these ventilation-parameters thus computed, with the bench-marks/limits [of Qwpp = 8L/S/ (Person) and 1 ACH = 6 – 20Hr1], recommended by the ASHRAE and CIBSE for adequate ventilation in classrooms, showed that: majority [i.e. 91%] of the classrooms had ACH values that were within the recommended limits, and all [i.e. 100%] of the classrooms had Qwpp values that were above the minimum recommended limit. Intriguingly, this research found a conformity with recommended standards of classroom ventilation-levels, and also proves that the rampant declining academic performance of Nigerian students in the selected public primary schools, is not necessarily linked with IAQ-related causes/conditions. The study recommended that with the use of adequate window type, sizing and positioning that ensures maximum entry of fresh air into classroom spaces, ventilation will be improved in classrooms. Also limit the number of users/students in a classroom to a number that can be accommodated within the Occupancy level of the available space.

Author Keywords:Classrooms, southwest Nigeria, Windspeed, Relative Humidity, ACH, ASHRAE, CIBSE, IAQ, Occupancy, Ventilation