Volume 6 ~ Issue 3, May-June(2024)

The Myth of Teacher Performance Improvement with the Use of ICT
Moreno-Alcaraz Flérida, López-Ley Karla Verónica
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This chapter presents the main findings of a research study focused on the teaching of History, Social Sciences, and Humanities within the High School system of the Universidad Autonoma de Sinaloa. The primary question addressed is: What is the performance of teachers in the use of ICT as a didactic resource in their educational practice? "This research uncovers situations and contexts which confirms the initial and empirical ideas applied to the high school systems in this university, such as the challenging conditions for integrating information technology into teaching processes and the limited technological infrastructure in many high schools. We argue that there is a notable lack of enthusiasm for effectively utilizing technological resources in teaching practices.

Author Keywords:- Teacher performance, professional development, ICT-based teaching.

Intellectual Property Rights in India: Issues and Prospect
Dr.Deepali Rani Rani Sahoo
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Intellectual property (IP) is a legal concept which refers to creations of the mind for which exclusive rights are recognized. Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) are legal aimed at protecting the creations of the intellect, such as inventions, the appearance of products, literary, artists and scientific works and signs, among others. Under intellectual property law owners are granted certain exclusive rights to a variety of intangible assets. These laws protect the legal rights of creators and owners, in relation to intellectual creativity. Promotion and protection of IP spur economic growth. It creates a conducive atmosphere for growth of industries and employment. Patents can generate revenue through technology transfer, licensing and assignment, trademark links the products to its producer and helps to build customer loyalty in trade and business, a registered industrial design provides protection as well as attract customers to the product. Similar is the case with other IPRs. GI can bring about economics upliftment of an entire community. It is the only IPR that provides rights to a community, instead of an individual or group of individuals. Therefore, the dissemination of IPR information and its suitable implementation is the highest requirement for any country. The present paper discusses various IPR concepts, such as patents, trademarks, product designs, geographical indications, copyright, etc, with their corresponding laws, legislation, needs and roles directly related to the situation in India. Most of the patents filed in India are by reputed technological firms from foreign countries. Government of India has realized the urgency of bringing a revolution in the field of IPR and is taking initiatives in this direction. However, the status of India involvement in IPR related activities has been briefly discussed. Therefore, the present paper tries to examine the issues and prospects of IPR in India with the help of secondary sources collected from books, articles and journals etc.

Author Keywords:- Intellectual Property Rights, India, Emerging, Issue.

Violence and Gender Stereotypes: What Representations? In the novel "Médée Chérie" by Yasmine Chami
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Our article focuses specifically on the literary representations of violence in a contemporary Moroccan novel. The aim is to examine how gender stereotypes prevailing in societies reinforce the modes of construction/deconstruction of violence in a contemporary Moroccan novel. To achieve this, we delve into Yasmine Chami's novel "Médée Chérie," which offers a mythical rewriting of Medea, challenging traditional stereotypes of femininity. Through the character of Medea, we explore women's struggle against gender constraints, thereby offering a fresh perspective on the female condition and revealing a subversive narrative that transcends traditional literary writings.

Author Keywords:- Gender, Francophone Moroccan literature, Representations, Stereotypes, Violence

Spiritual Intelligence as a Predictor of Academic Resilience with Teacher Support as a Moderator on Student of Islamic Boarding School
Warisatul Jannah, Tri Na’imah, Retno Dwiyanti, Dian Bagus Mitreka Satata
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The tight learning schedules in Islamic boarding schools often create various problems and pressure on students; therefore, students are expected to have the capacity to withstand pressure so that they can bounce back and achieve optimal learning outcomes. This research aims to examine the influence of spiritual intelligence on academic resilience with teacher support as a moderating variable in Islamic boarding school students. This research uses a correlational-quantitative approach. Data was obtained directly from the primary subject using a modified questionnaire from the ARS-30 scale, the 29-item Spiritual Intelligence Quotient, and the Teacher Support Scale. Data analysis uses the partial least squares (PLS) method with the assistance of SmartPLS 3.0 software. The research results prove that spiritual intelligence and teacher support have a significant influence on academic resilience, but teacher support has not been proven to moderate the influence of spiritual intelligence on academic resilience. Therefore, the magnitude of spiritual intelligence's influence on academic resilience cannot be determined by teacher support. For future similar research, it is recommended to use several Islamic boarding schools as the research population so that the research scope becomes broader.

Author Keywords:- Academic Resilience, Boarding School, Spiritual Intelligence, Student, Teacher Support

Currency Change On the Eve of 2023 Election in Nigeria: Financial Inclusion or Exclusion?
Dr. Sekinat Adejoke Kola-Aderoju
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Nigeria as a developing country, already bugged down by postcolonial intricases of underdevelopment is recently faced with another socio economic impasse amidst political complexities. The same months in which general election is conducted was deemed fit for the expiration of some currencies, the exercise erroneously referred to as currency swap. Based on strategic reasons according to the Central Bank of Nigeria's release, the concept of cashless policy was presented with underlying principles of financial inclusion, control of corruption, reduction in the activities of the kidnappers and deemphasizing monetozation of election procedure. This paper is however out to contest the issue of financial inclusion, as an imported economic concept as usual, it's by-product of cashless policy and effect on political event in Nigeria. The focus of the paper is 2023 election. Hence, the investigation will be carried out after the election period. The bi-polarity of the focus on the paper shows 1. The economic policies and social economic activities of the society and 2. Effects of the policy on political events. The two Foci will be examined on the theories of financial inclusion, financial exclusion and social economic welfarism. The researcher intend to make use of oral interviews, questionnaires and a range of secondary sources. The paper also have the intention of going down the memory lane of the last currency change on may 26th, 1984 during Buhari-Idiagbon military administration, on a comparative term. Suggestions will be made towards improvement of policy strategies in order to maintain peace, progress, social convenience and sustainablility of the few development indicators realized in Nigeria.

Author Keywords:- ----------

Analyzing the Impact of Corporate Social Responsibility on Corporate Financial Performance Before and During the COVID-19 Pandemic
Rr. Tiara Amelia, Nining Eka Wahyuni, Taufik Kurrohman
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This article investigates the influence of Corporate Social Responsibility on Corporate Financial Performance in the context of economic crisis, particularly in the manufacturing sector in Indonesia. The aim of this article is to fill this knowledge gap by exploring CSR reporting practices of companies in Indonesia before and during COVID-19. Findings indicate that during the crisis, companies tend to increase their CSR disclosures to gain legitimacy and influence public perception. By comparing CSR practices before and during the COVID-19 pandemic, this study provides a deeper understanding of CSR reporting dynamics during economic crises and highlights the importance of context-specific approaches.

Author Keywords:- Corporate Social Responsibility, Corporate Financial Performance, COVID-19

Complex Disasters and Economic Development in Northeast Asia
Tam Bang Vu, PhD
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This paper analyzes the multi-façade consequences of complex disasters on the East-Asian economy from 1992 to 2021. A complex disaster is defined as any disaster that starts as a natural disaster followed by human-made mistakes and vice versa. Northeast Asian nations are defined in a narrow sense and comprise China, Mongolia, South Korea, and Japan. We exclude Hong Kong, Macao, North Korea, and Taiwan because their data are not comprehensive. Three types of disasters’ damage used in this research comprise the number of deaths, the number of people affected, and the magnitude of direct damages. Data on disasters are from The Emergency Events Database (EM-DAT) website. Data on the macroeconomic variables are available from the World Bank website. The paper investigates the following sectors of the economy: primary, secondary, and tertiary. The results show that the effects of the number of mortalities on the primary and secondary sectors are mostly adverse and statistically significant. The impacts on the tertiary sector are mostly not statistically significant. However, the impacts of the number of people affected and the magnitudes of direct damage differ for different economic sectors. We also compare across nations.

Author Keywords:- natural, human made, complex, disasters, Northeast Asia

The Role of Support Subjects in Enhancing the Employability Competencies of Vet-Trainees: Cases from Morogoro and Dar ES Salaam Regions in Tanzania
Romuald Mlelwa, Castor Mfugale
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This study investigated the role of support subjects in enhancing the employability competencies of Vocational Education and Training (VET) trainees: Cases from Morogoro and Dar Es Salaam Regions in Tanzania. The study applied a cross-sectional research design, involving a sample size of 102 respondents. Data was collected by the use of interviews and questionnaires and after that analysed by the use of descriptive statistics. The content validity was assured by expert judgement by lecturers of the Jordan University College the Constituent of St. Augustine University College of Tanzania, and the instrument validity and reliability were ensured by the test-rest method and yielded the reliability of r = 0.87. Findings revealed an adverse rapport between the support subjects and the employability of VET Graduates. The findings established a need for another study to establish the employability variables complementing soft skills.

Author Keywords:-Employability, Soft/Hard Skills, Support subjects

Factors That Influence Syariah Banking Does Not Dominate the Banking Market Share in Indonesia with The Majority of Islam
Yenni, Darmadi
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This study aims to determine the factors that influence Islamic banking not to dominate the banking market share in Indonesia, which has a Muslim majority population. Independent variables: Product, Profit Sharing, Promotion, Location, Knowledge of the law of usury in Islam, and Perception. The dependent variable: the lack of interest of the Indonesian Muslim community to become customers in Islamic banking, This study uses primary data in the form of a questionnaire with a Likert scale processed with SPSS 23 software, with a sample of 140 respondents randomly, using quantitative descriptive analysis techniques. The results showed that product, profit sharing, and perception variables had no significant effect on the lack of interest of the Muslim community in Indonesia to become customers in Islamic banking, while the variables of promotion, location, knowledge of the law of usury in Islam had a significant effect on the lack of interest of the Muslim community in Indonesia to become a customer in Islamic banking.

Author Keywords:-Product, Profit Sharing, Promotion, location, Knowledge of usury Law, Perception.

The Discourse of Identity between two Cultures in Migrant Literature: Yamina Benguigui and Fatou Diome
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Literature plays a major role in imagining, saying and doing the city. Migrant writing provides an insider's view of the process of acculturation, the construction of migrant identity and urban identity. Identity is one of the key areas of contemporary research, as are immigration and the city. Today, identity is conceived as the result of constructions and strategies that are constantly changing and being recomposed. Cultural identity is constructed and maintained through the process of sharing collective knowledge such as traditions, heritage, language, aesthetics, norms and customs. Since birth, women have been searching for their identity as women in a world dominated by men. This is a world in which women have no place other than in the public sphere, i.e. the home where they live, while the private sphere is reserved for men. Through their writing, authors Yamina Benguigui and Fatou Diome try to demand that women have a place in the public sphere. Through the protagonists of their stories, they call for the emancipation of women and female identity.Zouina, the protagonist of Inch'allah dimanche, left for France to live near her husband. On her journey, she is in search of her identity as much as an Algerian, but she will be confronted with another French identity.But during her stay, she was emancipated as much as an Algerian woman. Salie, the protagonist of the novel Le Ventre de L'Atlantique, has been searching for her identity since birth, through being the other.

Author Keywords:-Woman, female identity, emancipation, to be the other, Fatou Diome, Yamina Benguigui, cultural identity

Factors That Influence the Low Interest of Indonesian Muslim Communities to Become a Sharia Bank Customer
Mohammad Ikhsan, Darmadi, Hadir Hudianto
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This study aims to determine the factors that influence the low interest of the Indonesian Muslim community to become customers of Islamic banks. Independent variables: Technology, Promotion, Product, Profit Sharing, Location, Religiosity and Knowledge of the law of usury in Islam. Variable: The low interest of the Indonesian Muslim community to become sharia bank customers. This study uses primary data in the form of a questionnaire with a Likert scale processed with SPSS 23 software, with a sample of 120 respondents randomly, using quantitative descriptive analysis techniques. The results showed that the variables of technology, promotion, product, profit sharing, and religiosity had no significant effect on the low interest of the Indonesian Muslim community to become sharia bank customers, while the location variable, knowledge of the law of usury in Islam had a significant effect on the low interest of the Indonesian Muslim community to become a customer. Islamic bank customers.

Author Keywords:-Technology, Promotion, Products, Profit Sharing, Location, Religiosity, Knowledge of usury Law

The Effect of Perceived Organizational Support and Working Environment on Employee Performance at MTs Negeri 4 Cianjur
Hesti Arianti, Neuneung Ratna Hayati
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This article aims to examines the effect of Organizational Support and Work Environment on Employee Performance at MTs Negeri 4 Cianjur. This study uses a quantitative approach with a survey method by distributing questionnaires to 38 employees at MTs Negeri 4 Cianjur. Hypothesis testing was carried out using multiple regression analysis. The results showed a positive influence between Organizational Support on employee performance. Organizational Support, which includes employee perceptions of organizational support in various aspects, such as recognition, communication, and workplace facilities, emerged as a key factor affecting employee performance. The study emphasized that when employees feel supported by the organization, their performance tends to improve, creating an emotional bond between employees and the institution. Similarly, Work Environment was found to have a positive influence on employee performance. A conducive work environment, characterized by comfortable physical conditions, positive organizational culture, and good interpersonal relationships, emerged as an important factor contributing to improved employee performance. Adequate workplace facilities, effective communication, and sustainable interpersonal relationships create an atmosphere that supports productivity, collaboration, and creativity, all of which have a positive impact on performance. Furthermore, when Organizational Support and Work Environment are integrated together, their positive impact on employee performance becomes even stronger. The integration of Organizational Support and Work Environment were identified as the key to achieving optimal employee performance. Finally, this study contributes to the understanding of the factors that influence employee performance in the context of Islamic educational institutions. The findings emphasize the importance of organizational support and a positive work environment in improving employee performance.

Author Keywords:-Perceived Organizational Support, Working Environment, Employee Performance, MTs Negeri 4 Cianjur

Analysis of BPHTB Reporting in Lumajang District
Joko Nurhuda, Hendrawan Santosa Putra, Wahyu Agus Winarno
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Fees for Acquisition of Rights on Land and/or Building (BPHTB) is one of the Original Local Revenue (PAD) on the acquisition of rights to land and/or buildings borne by the buyer or recipient of the transfer of rights to land and buildings. The lowest basis in determining BPHTB is the Tax Object Sale Value - Land and Building Tax (NJOP-PBB). However, the NJOP PBB cannot be used as a reference in determining the Tax Object Acquisition Value (NPOP) because the difference between the NJOP PBB and market value is very far. The BPHTB reporting process carried out by taxpayers is still not correct. The research method used in this research is qualitative case study. Primary data includes information collected from original sources such as interviews, documentation, and observation. The results of the research related to BPHTB reporting in Lumajang District which is still not appropriate include photos of tax objects, road access, location points/coordinates, and transaction prices or fair values. Some factors that influence taxpayer behavior in the BPHTB reporting process include honesty factors, compliance factors, and taxpayer awareness factors.

Author Keywords:-BPHTB Reporting, Self assessment system, Tax Avoidance, Tax Aggressiveness

Dialogical Communication: Coordination between Diskominfo and the Protocol and Leadership Communication Section in Executing the Function and Role of Public Relations at the Kediri City Government
Wardah Hani, Nilam Wardasari
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The placement of public relations in private agencies and government is not the same. In government, the formation of a new Regional Apparatus Organization (OPD) called Dinas Kominfo (Diskominfo) did not immediately abolish the previously existing PR section. The policy of placing public relations is fully returned to regional autonomy in view of the needs and capabilities of each region, therefore the practice of placing the PR department in each region varies. Kediri municipal government has two separate public relations departments, namely: Diskominfo and Prokompim Division. With the existence of two parts, the internal public relations practitioner of the Kediri City Government stated that the task of public relations could be more focused, but in implementation it would be prone to cause an overlapping phenomenon in the form of overlapping roles and functions of these two parts. This study uses a qualitative descriptive method with constructivist paradigm. The technique of determining the informants in this study used purposive sampling and snowball sampling with data collection techniques in the form of in-depth interviews and documentation tracking activities. The results of this study indicate that the form of dialogical communication is in the form of a coordination strategy between the Ministry of Communication and Information (Diskominfo) and the Prokompim Section in the form of regular meetings, the formation of internal media in the form of a WhatsApp group consisting of both parties, and the emergence of new policies agreed by both parties. related to public relations activities in Kediri City Government. The impact felt after the coordination strategy is that the flow of information becomes clearer, there is a sense of responsibility to exchange information, cooperate and collaborate, besides that the overlapping phenomenon is reduced. Several agendas and subsections that were originally in the Prokompim Section have been transferred to Diskominfo seeing the accuracy of their roles. After being transferred, the performance of the agenda or sub-section becomes broader, not just focusing on the activities of the leader. For example: Harmoni TV, City Tabloid, and City Government Agenda named Reflection.

Author Keywords:-local government public relations, role of public relations, overlapping phenomenon, dialogical communication.

An Empirical Study on the Determination of Cognizance Level of Individual Investors of Kolkata Region towards various Investment Avenues with an emphasis on Mutual Fund
Dr. Ami Jain
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This paper deals with understanding the perception of individual investors towards varied investment avenues as well as their level of familiarity towards them based upon certain inherent attributes of an investment avenue like safety of principal, liquidity, awareness, ease in investing, ease in accessibility and return on investment. The main objective of the paper is to understand the level of familiarity towards various investment avenues as well as understanding the significance of various factors which influences an individual investor to invest in mutual fund or otherwise. The study has been conducted on the 450 individual investors of Kolkata region and primary data has been collected through a pre-structured questionnaire, whereby the responses have been analysed using Exploratory Factor Analysis technique and a Familiarity Index has been constructed. It has been inferred from the analysis that about 50% of the respondents are moderately familiar about various investment avenues and variables like age, gender and annual household income of the respondents are significantly correlated with their decision to invest in mutual funds.

Author Keywords:-Investment, perception, mutual fund